Dating crotal bells internet dating intellectuals

During the 17th century, an innovation in the production process eliminated the need to carry out a drilling operation.

Instead, by making the pattern with a detachable ‘sprue-piece’, it was possible to create a suspension lug with a cored hole.

Bells of this type were produced only until about the end of the 13th century. Mo L, Dress Accessories, 1668-1671; Mitchiner, Medieval & Secular Badges, 356.) The earliest crotal bells found in England date to the beginning of the 13th century.

They are of tin and were cast as open bells with an integral suspension loop and four ‘petals’ forming the lower body.

The second most likely form of on both hemispheres decoration to be found is the fish-scale pattern.

The girth rib serves the useful purpose of accommodating any minor misalignment between the two halves of the mould, as well as strengthening the bell and retaining the traditional appearance of those with a soldered joint.

They are also found in a wide range of sizes, at least from 13mm to 34mm diameter, suggesting a variety of different uses. Mo L, Dress Accessories, 1644-1667; B Read, History Beneath Our Feet.

p.55, No.2; Mitchiner, Medieval & Secular Badges, 350.) A development that occurs during the late 14th century is the casting of bells in two halves, which were then soldered at the horizontal joint line after inserting the pellet.

Tiny Medieval jester/rumbler bell The circular bell is made up of four petal-like tabs folded at the base with a small ‘pea’ inside that is no longer loose.

On top is an integral circular attachment loop and decorating the body of the bell, from the attachment loop to the base, are four vertical strips of raised chevron decoration.

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